The first step in an ayurvedic approach to skin care is knowing your skin type.
Vata, Pitta and Kapha are ayurvedic mind-body principles called doshas (doe'-shas). They govern the activities of the mind and body and create physical, emotional and mental tendencies. These three principles are combinations of the five elements — Vata, for example, is mostly air and space, Pitta is mainly fire and water and Kapha is primarily earth and water. A person's ayurvedic skin type, therefore, can be Vata, Pitta or Kapha, or sometimes a combination of two of these doshas.
And over time, your type may change because of external factors such as climate, diet and lifestyle habits or environmental pollution. Such "imbalances" should also be taken into account when choosing a skin-care program. If you have questions, ask for an assessment with an ayurvedic expert.
Vata skin is generally dry, thin, cool to the touch, easily dehydrated, and very vulnerable to the influence of dry, windy weather. Pitta is mostly fire, so the Pitta skin tends to have more breakouts, photosensitivity, less tolerance to hot food, and a more fiery essence. Pitta skin looks ruddy, and is warm to the touch. Pitta skin types tend to be more prone to freckles and moles than the other skin types. Kapha dosha is predominantly water and earth, so Kapha skin tends to have all the qualities of water and earth — it can be greasy, thick, and more tolerant of the sun.
"Combination" skin can be Vata-Pitta — skin that is both dry and sensitive; Kapha-Pitta — oily and sensitive skin; or Vata-Kapha — skin that is generally dry with some oily zones. The ayurvedic approach to caring for combination skin takes into account environmental and seasonal factors. For example, a person with Vata-Pitta skin would follow the recommendations for Pitta skin in summer and Vata skin in winter. The Kapha-Pitta type would follow Pitta recommendations in summer and Kapha recommendations in the spring. The Vata-Kapha type would be best served by generally following Vata guidelines, with extra cleansing of the oily zones.
Caring for Vata Skin
For Vata skin to stay youthful, it's best to use skin-care products that are very nurturing. These should include some essential oils or herbs in combination which can nourish the skin and rehydrate it; otherwise it may be susceptible to wrinkles and premature aging.
A Vata-pacifying lifestyle — like going to bed on time, eating three regular meals, and following a regular daily routine — is an essential component of a holistic approach to Vata skin care, as is eating foods that help balance Vata and nourish the Vata skin.
Here are some suggestions for caring for Vata skin:
- Provide added nourishment to your skin by including organic milk, whole grains and green leafy vegetables in your diet.
- Drink lots of lukewarm water every day for internal hydration.
- Eat plenty of sweet, juicy fruits; they help cleanse the body from within and provide hydration as well.
- Include a little healthy fat such as ghee (clarified butter) or olive oil in your diet for added lubrication.
- A warm-oil self-massage (abhyanga) with a rich massage oil such as the Youthful Skin Massage Oil is excellent for keeping skin lubricated.
- Use a gentle, all-natural moisturizer such as the Youthful Skin Cream to keep facial skin hydrated. Provide added deep lipid support with Youthful Skin Oil.
- Get plenty of rest so your mind and your body have the opportunity to recharge.
- Use a gentle, moisture-balancing cleanser such as the Youthful Skin Herbal Soap, and splash your face with water several times when you cleanse.
Caring for Pitta Skin
The Pitta skin type needs both cooling and nurturing. Use skin-care products that help enhance resistance to the sun. Avoid tanning treatments and therapies that expose your delicate, sensitive skin to steam for extended periods of time.
The ayurvedic herb Flame-of-the-Forest can help protect Pitta skin from photosensitivity. But like other ayurvedic herbs, it needs to be used in combination with other herbs for a balanced effect on the skin.
To care for Pitta skin, follow these guidelines:
- Stay away from harsh, synthetic cosmetics; they can damage your sensitive skin and cause breakouts.
- Avoid hot, spicy foods and an excess of deep-fried foods; they add heat to an already-fiery constitution.
- Eat lots of sweet, juicy fruits and have some Organic Rose Petal Spread in cool milk every day. The rose is considered cooling for mind, body and emotions.
- Use a cooling oil, such as the Soothing Herbal Massage Oil, for the daily massage.
- Cook with cooling spices such as fennel and licorice.
- Take extra care to protect your skin when you go out in the sun.
- Use gentle, natural skin-care products for cleansing and moisturizing.
Kapha Skin Care
Kapha skin, because of its thickness and oiliness, is more prone to accumulate ama (toxins) under the skin. People with Kapha skin are advised to do detoxification on a regular basis — both internal detoxification and external detoxification to flush toxins from the skin.
Scrubbing the skin with a gentle exfoliating clay such as bentonite clay can help external cleansing. Kapha skin types may also need to take herbal formulations to cleanse the skin from within.
Some suggestions for caring for Kapha skin:
- Avoid too many sweet foods or deep-fried foods — they add to the oiliness in the skin.
- Exercise every day to improve circulation.
- A daily warm-oil massage can also help circulation.
- Eat plenty of organic vegetables and fruits to help cleanse the body from within.
- Cleanse your skin twice every day, and exfoliate with a mud-mask at least once a week.
- Cook with warming spices such as ginger and black pepper to stoke the digestive fire and inhibit the accumulation of ama inside the body.
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